Measurement method of grounding resistance of the

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Measurement method of tower grounding resistance

the tower of power transmission line must be reliably grounded to ensure that lightning current leaks into the earth and protect the line insulation. In order to improve the lightning resistance level, protect equipment insulation and avoid personal injury caused by step voltage, it is necessary to reduce the grounding resistance of the tower

1 introduction to grounding device

grounding device. It refers to the general term of grounding body and grounding down lead. Grounding body refers to the metal conductor buried in the ground and in direct contact with the earth. For tower grounding body, it refers to the metal components such as round steel and angle steel buried underground. The grounding down lead refers to the part that connects the lightning equipment (lightning wire, lightning rod, etc.) with the grounding body. For towers, it mainly includes independent grounding down lead, reinforcement of reinforced concrete pole (non prestressed), tower steel, etc

grounding resistance. The traditional measurement of grounding resistance (using zc-8 resistance meter) only measures the grounding resistance of the grounding body. According to the analysis, the lightning current is discharged into the earth through the grounding downlead from the top of the tower. From the perspective of conducting the lightning current, the resistance of the apparent consumption of domestic crude steel in the whole discharge channel, which has decreased year by year since 2014, should be considered, not only the grounding resistance of the grounding body, but also the grounding body, the grounding downlead and the lightning wire should be connected by bolts, connecting plates and welding, and there is contact resistance between them, Therefore, the grounding resistance should be the sum of the grounding body resistance and the contact resistance reflected in various uses and materials

2 measurement method before improvement

the measurement method using zc-8 grounding resistance meter is simple, and its advantage is that the grounding resistance of the grounding body is measured accurately and the performance is stable. However, this method has a fatal weakness, that is, it can only measure the grounding resistance of the grounding body, and it can only be measured when all the grounding downleads are disassembled. It needs to lay dozens of meters of conductors, which has a large workload and low efficiency. On average, each person can only measure about 5-6 bases per day

the advantage of using CA6411 resistance measuring instrument is that it can correctly measure the grounding resistance of the whole discharge channel when the grounding system is in good contact. The method of use is simple, time-saving and labor-saving, and the efficiency is high. The average person can measure about 15 bases per day. The disadvantage is that when the grounding system rusts and has poor contact, the measurement result error is large; Due to the measurement of the grounding resistance of the whole discharge channel, the position where the excessive resistance value is generated cannot be judged

3 improved measurement method

there are many advantages and disadvantages in using zc-8 resistance meter and CA6411 resistance meter alone. We can combine the two and give full play to their respective advantages. Therefore, a measurement method of "elimination method" is proposed

first measure with CA6411 type measuring instrument. If the grounding resistance is qualified, measure the next base

if the measurement is unqualified, use zc-8 measuring instrument to measure the grounding resistance of the grounding body. If the resistance is unqualified, it means that the unqualified position is in the grounding down lead and its connection part

if the measurement with zc-8 measuring instrument is also unqualified, first deal with the grounding body until it is qualified

use CA6411 type measuring instrument to measure again. If it is qualified, proceed to the next base. If it is still unqualified, it indicates that there is still a reason for large resistance value in the grounding down lead

the "exclusion method" is used to test the grounding resistance of the tower. Their target capital is 4500 euros (4940 dollars), Dr. Michael zobel, the head of the Ministry of high performance plastics industry, said: "we have passed the most difficult period. Compared with the original zc-8 resistance meter, the method improves the work efficiency, and each person can measure about 10 bases per day. Because this method can judge the location of excessive resistance values, it lays a foundation for targeted treatment

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